National Museum Čačak

National Museum Čačak


Ostra - Sokolica

The archaeological site of Sokolica is located on a rocky peak oval in shape, beneath the western slopes of Ostrica Mountain. Its prominent position enabled the control of a path that connected the Čačak valley and territory of southern Šumadija.

The excavations were performed during the 1973 and 1977, organized by the National Museum in Čačak and the Institute for Cultural Heritage Preservation in Kraljevo. After official protecting by law in 1974 and its conservation, Sokolica was presented as a cultural monument.

Sokolica was settled since the period of metal ages (Copper, Bronze and Iron Ages). The most probably at the end of the Antiquity period or during the Early Middle Ages this site was fortified with stone ramparts measuring 65m х 35m, having width of 1,50 m and 2 m. A tower, measuring 3 m x 3 m, was partly discovered on the NE part of fortification. It is possible that another tower existed in the NW corner. Three objects of dimensions 5m x 4m, with foundations made of stone and mud were found within the upper town.

The youngest vestiges are represented by ceramic pottery dated to the 10th-11th century, when the fortification was reused. There should be emphasized a bronze coin of Anastastios I, minted between 512 and 517, a smaller bronze fibula, an iron key dated to the 2nd half of the 6th and the beginning of the 7th century AD.